build


build
build vb Build, construct, erect, frame, raise, rear are comparable when they mean to form or fashion a structure or something comparable to a structure.
Build strictly implies a fitting together of parts and materials to form something which may be large (as a house, a factory, a church, or a bridge) or small (as a bird's nest, a fence, or a child's toy) but of which the forming must involve some measure or degree of complication in the bringing together of parts and materials
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build a cathedral

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build a shack

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the robins built their nest in the fork of a tree

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build a battle-ship

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When used in reference to something immaterial build (often followed by up) may suggest an analogy between the immaterial thing and an edifice especially by implying an adding of part to part or bit to bit in the attainment of an end
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build up a man's ego

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built up a fortune bit by bit

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build a theory on slight evidence

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Construct comes close to build in its implication of the putting together the material given or at hand to form something. But it is not quite equivalent, for it stresses not the labor, especially the manual labor, involved but the problem involved in the fitting together of parts. Construct therefore emphasizes the discovering by the mind of how the parts or the materials should be combined in order to gain the desired end. To build is the work of men who use their hands or by analogy their brains to bring something into being; to construct is the work of men who use their brains, though sometimes their hands in obedience to their brains, to solve the problem of how a thing should be or is built or made or brought into being; hence construct implies composition or design and may take as its object anything brought into material or immaterial existence by one or the other process
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construct a plot

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construct a dam

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the mind of the scientist constructs its own world— Inge

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each constructed and consolidated a realm— Belloc

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Construct is also often used as the opposite of destroy without a specific reference to these implications
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it is proverbially easier to destroy than to constructT. S. Eliot

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roughly speaking, we construct when we increase the potential energy of the system in which we are interested, and we destroy when we diminish its potential energy— Russell

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Erect basically means to set upright. Although the term may carry this as its essential meaning
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erect a flagpole

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the cobra erected itself to strike

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it was early applied to high structures and has accordingly come to imply building in its most usual sense. The word is often used in place of build without any marked implication of putting together parts and materials
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many huge factories erected during the war now stand idle

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but it always carries some suggestion of the sense of to set up (as by building or establishing)
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erect a statue to his memory

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erect a scaffold

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a very much denser obstruction is in the process of being erected now by literary critics— Day Lewis

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Frame approaches construct but in respect to physical structures more specifically applies to the bringing together and joining of parts (as sills, plates, and joists) that define the form of the final structure
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a cottage framed of pine and sheathed with cedar

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In extended use it throws the stress upon a forming or fashioning to suit a design, an intention, a purpose, or the facts and may be applied to anything so constructed
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frame an answer

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frame a hypothesis

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picture him excuses framing—going from her far away— Gilbert

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all those who have framed written constitutions contemplate them as forming the fundamental and paramount law of the nation— John Marshall

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it is in order to overcome these obstacles that the notes and questions in this volume have been framedNotes and Queries on Anthropology

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Raise and rear (see also LIFT)often replace build, especially when the idea of height is emphasized
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now after this he built a wall without the city . . . and raised it up a very great height—2 Chron 33:14

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those arts which were destined to raise our Gothic cathedrals— Coulton

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this tower; it is my own; though it was reared to Beauty— Millay

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Analogous words: fabricate, fashion, manufacture (see MAKE): produce, turn out, yield, *bear
Antonyms: unbuild, destroy
Contrasted words: demolish, raze (see DESTROY): *ruin, wreck
build n *physique, habit, constitution
Analogous words: *form, figure, shape, conformation, configuration: *structure, framework: contour, *outline: style, *fashion

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • build — [bɪld] verb built PTandPP [bɪlt] [transitive] 1. MANUFACTURING to make or put together large things such as buildings, cars, ships, roads etc: • New offices are being built on the site. • No new ships are being built at the yard now …   Financial and business terms

  • build — build; build·able; build·er; build·er up·per; build·ing; build·ing·less; un·build; re·build; up·build·er; …   English syllables

  • build-up — build ups also buildup, build up 1) N COUNT: usu sing, oft N of n A build up is a gradual increase in something. There has been a build up of troops on both sides of the border... The disease can also cause a build up of pressure in the inner ear …   English dictionary

  • build — [bild] vt. built or Archaic builded, building [ME bilden < OE byldan, to build < base of bold, a house, akin to ON bua: see BONDAGE] 1. a) to make by putting together materials, parts, etc.; construct; erect b) to order, plan, or direct the …   English World dictionary

  • build-up — n [C usually singular] 1.) an increase over a period of time build up of ▪ a heavy build up of traffic on the motorway 2.) a description of someone or something before an event in which you say they are very special or important ▪ The presenter… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Build — (b[i^]ld), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Built} (b[i^]lt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Building}. The regular imp. & p. p. {Builded} is antiquated.] [OE. bulden, bilden, AS. byldan to build, fr. bold house; cf. Icel. b[=o]l farm, abode, Dan. bol small farm, OSw. bol …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • build — [n] physical structure, form body, conformation, constitution, figure, frame, habit, habitus, physique, shape; concept 757 Ant. mind build [v1] construct structure assemble, bring about, carpenter, cast, compile, compose, contrive, engineer,… …   New thesaurus

  • Build — Build, n. Form or mode of construction; general figure; make; as, the build of a ship; a great build on a man. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • build — ► VERB (past and past part. built) 1) construct by putting parts or materials together. 2) (often build up) increase in size or intensity over time. 3) (build on) use as a basis for further progress or development. 4) (build in/into) incorporate …   English terms dictionary


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